2022 was a rough year for crypto. The indices we track fell a collective 64%, with Bitcoin and Ethereum – the largest coins by market cap – driving down the performance of the broader group. However, on a 2-year lookback, many "Utility Tokens" (which we define in our report) are still up 92%, reflecting investor confidence in the broader ecosystem – the complexity of which has only grown over recent years. NFTs had a particularly bad run in 2022, with secondary trading dropping 92% from Q2 to Q3. Many NFT "projects" turned out to be poorly orchestrated "games" at best, and outright scams at worst. The gaming market followed suit. Hundreds of game companies were built on the "Play-to-Earn" business model, catalyzed by Axie Infinity's surge to a $10BN company, followed by a historic crash as its imbalanced in-game economy collapsed.